Impact of Early child development Services on the Development of the Community

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Impact of Early child development Services on the Development of the Community

Introduction 

According to Thaldar (2019), childhood development is of paramount importance as it establishes a well-educated, well-organized and civilized society or nation in the world. It also affects the overall performance of a country or nation at the national or international level. This commentary document entails the summary and analysis chapter 1 (Importance of Early Childhood Development) of the document 'Minister of Social Development'. This commentary report would help understand the significance of early childhood development and highlight the major social issues responsible for hindering early child development.  

Summary 

The document 'Guidelines for early childhood development services' is written and compiled by D.R. Zest Skweyiya (Minister of Social Development). This is the summary of chapter 1(Importance of Early Childhood Development) of this document.

This chapter begins with a discussion on child development and development in South Africa and states that seven years from birth is considered an important period for child development. They experience increased mental, social, physical, mental and moral development. The primary purpose of childhood training and dressing are to educate children about tolerance, human rights, justice and appreciation of diversity, which affects different critical perceptions of society, culture, and a strong commitment to society and country (Okan,2019).

The author highlights that quality provisioning enhances children's educational potential as children are less likely to fail in education by incorporating the skills necessary for effective learning at an early age. The inclusion of quality regulations can help parents and caregivers bring up their children into education and employment. Various early childhood development service organizations provide temporary care and education for children in the absence of parents (Mokgoro, 2017). These services play an important role in supporting the community and take into account health, education, psychosocial, nutrition and other needs.

In addition to early care, additional programs for students during the holidays are also important for the growth and development of children at an early age (SKWEYIYA, 2006).  On the other hand, children with disabilities do not benefit from these programs because they are usually ignored. Under these circumstances, the focus should be on awareness on social education early child development (ECD) services and programs in our community.

This chapter also highlights the number of challenges that are usually faced by children, their parents, coaches and the public sector related to them. These challenges increase gender equality, poverty, disability, AIDS and HIV.  Hooper (2017) states that gender inequality is considered as one of the main reason for decrement in education level of children from early age. It is social perspective of many societies which do not focus on education of female children which greatly impacts the overall education level in a country (Van der Westhuizen,2017). Black (2017) states that early disability of children or disability from the birth period also negatively impacts the development of children. In the case of South Africa, there is less access to ECD services due to poverty. Different families are also unable to provide basic education to their children. The prevalence of HIV AIDS began in the 1980s and continues to this day (SKWEYIYA, 2006). The country has the highest number of HIV / AIDS cases, reported by the World Bank and the United Nations having a prevalence rate of 19% for all ages. It disrupts child development, which also leads to discrimination in children (Britto, 2013). This kind of discrimination is reflected in the policies of many governments and the private sector in providing their services to the country.

However, the challenge of gender inequality remains a major problem of ECD services for children in South Africa. Most of the parents in the country are very poor and belong to low income and low social class category due to which they do not focus on quality education and early child development especially in the case of female children. This negatively affects the level of education in the country because education is the major requirement for making any useful change in the country on individual level or on a broad level (Jacobsen, 2017).

Children’s rights are discussed at the end of this chapter. The author provides necessary details as an example of the 1983 Constitution and the Child Protection Act. This continues with the description and discussion of essential rights of children. Children below 18 years of age reserve their child rights in U.N. convention. This conference applies to everyone regardless of qualifications, religion and race. These rights are responsible for making children easily accessible (Duncan, 2012). Every child has the right to live independently, to register his name, to obtain nationality and to be cared for. They have the right to choose their religion, and the government must ensure that there is no child abuse in society (Molewa, 2010).  They should refrain from activities that may harm them or hinder their growth.

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Analysis

Chapter 1 of the ‘Guidelines for Early Childhood Development Services’ document is of great importance in the modern world because it conveys the importance of early education development service. Every child has a fundamental right to receive care and shelter from his or her parents, but in most cases, the parents are unable to provide the care and services they want. In such situations, ECD services can positively affect the early preparation and training of children. Ngcobo (2017) states that the ECD helps to create a critical understanding of society, culture, community and society, and to raise awareness among children about the importance of tolerance, human rights, justice and diversity in a critical society towards the country. Early development and training of children lead to the establishment of a democratic, peaceful and prosperous society (Van der Westuizen, 2017).

However, global inequality and economic states serve as a strong barrier to achieving ECD services. Okan (2019) states that the concept of inequality can be considered in many ways. It can serve as a source of positive change or negatively affect the growth, development, progress and peace of society. According to Britto (2017), inequality based on geography and technology is considered to be helpful to poor and underdeveloped countries because it serves as a source for the inclusion of advanced technologies and educational cooperation from developed countries. However, the notion of inequality in other areas such as social class, cultural differences, religious differences and gender inequality is detrimental to the growth and development of society. These also negatively affect the peace and happiness of the community and reduce the chances of getting ECD services (Okan,2019). Mokoena (2018) states that social inequality also affects a country's overall economic performance.

According to Ferreira (2015), countries with low levels of social inequality have high levels of performance and a strong political system. There are various reasons for global inequality. Black (2017) states that there are various factors behind global inequality. Political stability, education system, work culture, geographical location, natural resources, economy and level of investment are the seven influential factors. These factors collectively participate in the prevalence of global inequality and serve as a strong barrier to effective ECD services. The notion of inequality in South African policies appears to be due to the epidemic impact of HIV AIDS. 

Jafta (2018) states that this is the primary responsibility of the government and that ensuring equality in the services provided by the government is a fundamental right of the citizen. It should focus mainly on the education and health sector. Knowledge of basic education and the basic rights of children to read, write and speak. The 1983 Constitution and the Child Protection Act protect the right to education, health and shelter of children and their parents (Jacobsen, 2017). Children, education, protection and hearing are their fundamental rights in society. Children need to understand the fact that they have some responsibilities to their superiors as well as to society. (Hayes, 2017). Moral, social and psychological support for children at an early stage is very important for the growth and development of children as it enables them for future careers and enables them to play their role in community development (Ngcobo, 2017). The ECD involves great importance children development and grooming. It is their main responsibility and cooperation that results in useful outcome in the community.

Khampepe (2017) states that this conference applies to everyone regardless of their qualifications, religion and race. Governments have a responsibility to make these rights easily accessible to children. Every child has the right to live independently, to register his name, to obtain nationality and to be cared for. They have the right to choose their religion and the government must ensure that there is no child abuse or child abuse in society. They need to be protected from actions that could harm them or hinder their growth (World Health Organization, 2012). The inclusion of ECD services in our community enhances the development and progress of our community as it helps children build a strong base of citizens through their social, moral, ethical, educational and psychological support (Sylva, 2010). 

The enhancement in community is possible only by improving the economic conditions of the people, which are adversely affected by social and global inequalities between people (Anderson-McNamee, 2010). Different individuals do not provide educational services to their daughters due to gender discrimination (Thaldar, 2019). On the other hand, the cultural and social norms of their society have also become an obstacle to achieving high-quality education which is considered an essential tool for development and survival in this modern world.

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Conclusion

Based on the above discussion and analysis, it is concluded that early child development services have a positive impact on the growth and development of the community. It improves the functioning of the community locally and internationally. It greatly helps children to develop their skills and education through specialized care and training services. However, there are some social factors and factors that hinder the concept of ECD services. Global social and global inequalities are hampering the understanding and use of ECD services. The seven most influential factors in global inequality are political stability, education system, work culture, geographical location, natural resources, economy and level of investment. There is a strong need to protect the rights of children and give them full legal rights. Different countries have basic laws and regulations that protect the fundamental rights of children. The 1983 Constitution and the Child Protection Act protect the right to education, health and shelter of children and their parents. Similarly, it is a fundamental right of every government to facilitate education, health and other social needs. 

References 

Anderson-McNamee, J.K. and Bailey, S.J., 2010. The importance of play in early childhood development. Montana State University Extention, 4(10), pp.1-4.

Black, M.M., Walker, S.P., Fernald, L.C., Andersen, C.T., DiGirolamo, A.M., Lu, C., McCoy, D.C., Fink, G., Shawar, Y.R., Shiffman, J. and Devercelli, A.E., 2017. Early childhood development coming of age: science through the life course. The Lancet, 389(10064), pp.77-90.

Black, M.M., Walker, S.P., Fernald, L.C., Andersen, C.T., DiGirolamo, A.M., Lu, C., McCoy, D.C., Fink, G., Shawar, Y.R., Shiffman, J. and Devercelli, A.E., 2017. Early childhood development coming of age: science through the life course. The Lancet, 389(10064), pp.77-90.

Britto, P.R., Engle, P.L. and Super, C.M. eds., 2013. Handbook of early childhood development research and its impact on global policy. Oxford University Press.

Britto, P.R., Lye, S.J., Proulx, K., Yousafzai, A.K., Matthews, S.G., Vaivada, T., Perez-Escamilla, R., Rao, N., Ip, P., Fernald, L.C. and MacMillan, H., 2017. Nurturing care: promoting early childhood development. The Lancet, 389(10064), pp.91-102.

Duncan, G.J., Magnuson, K., Kalil, A. and Ziol-Guest, K., 2012. The importance of early childhood poverty. Social Indicators Research, 108(1), pp.87-98.

Ferreira, S., 2015. STEP-PARENT ADOPTION Centre for Child Law v Minister of Social Development 2014 1 SA 468 (GNP).

Ferreira, S., 2015. Step-Parent Adoption–Centre for Child Law v Minister of Social Development. Journal of Contemporary Roman-Dutch Law, 78, pp.140-148.

Hayes, A.M. and Bulat, J., 2017. Disabilities inclusive education systems and policies guide for low-and middle-income countries.

Hooper, B., 2017. Gender and education. In Chinese Education (pp. 352-374). Routledge.

Jacobsen, A.F., 2017. Children’s Rights and Duties: Snapshots into the History of Education and Child Protection in Denmark (ca. 1700–1900). In Nordic Childhoods 1700–1960 (pp. 91-107). Routledge.

Jafta, J., 2018. South African Social Security Agency and Another v Minister of Social Development and Others (Corruption Watch as Amicus Curiae).

Khampepe, J. and Nkabinde, J., 2017. A.B. and Another v Minister of Social Development (Centre for Child Law as Amicus Curiae).

Mokgoro, J., 2017. Mahlaule and Another v Minister of Social Development and Others; Khosa and Others v Minister of Social Development.

Mokoena, U.C., Mopai, Z. and Lubaale, E.C., 2018. The custodial role of the Constitutional Court at play: a critical analysis of the case of Black Sash Trust v Minister of Social Development [2017] ZACC 8. Obiter, 39(1), pp.249-275.

Molewa, E., 2010. Statement by the Honourable Minister of Social Development and Public Works, Ms Edna Molewa and Mr Geoff Doidge on the occasion of Social Protection and Community Development Cluster media briefing. Cape Town, Parliament.

Ngcobo, J., 2017. Brummer v Minister of Social Development and Others.

Okan, O. and World Health Organization, 2019. The importance of early childhood in addressing equity and health literacy development in the life-course. Public Health Panorama, 5(2), pp.170-176.

Skweyiya, D., 2006. Minister of Social Development. The Guidelines for Early Child Development Services, Department of Social Development.

Sylva, K., Melhuish, E., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I. and Taggart, B. eds., 2010. Early childhood matters: Evidence from the effective pre-school and primary education project. Routledge.

Thaldar, D., 2019. The Constitution as an instrument of prejudice: a critique of A.B. v Minister of Social Development. Const. Ct. Rev., 9, p.343.

Van der Westhuizen, J. and Ngcobo, J., 2017. Minister of Social Development and Others, Ex Parte.

World Health Organization, 2012. Early childhood development and disability: A discussion paper.

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